Here is a link to the Industry Canada website. Here you can do practice exams, download the entire question bank (really big) and find accredited examiners in your area. I just looked up one of them near me and went to his house to do the exam. He charged $10, but I think it can vary.Industry Canada Ham Radio ServicesMore Info Here
Try a few practice exams and you can get an idea for what you need to learn. They break it down by category, so you can see where you need to improve.
If you don't think you can learn all the material by yourself, then there are very affordable courses run by the Calgary Amateur Radio Association. They give you study material and run the exam on the last day of the class as well I think.Ham Radio Classes
For radios, my biggest piece of advice is to get one you can program with CHIRP, a good free open source tool for programming radios. CHIRP Supported Radios
The Baofeng UV-5R (Sometimes rebranded from other companies such as Retevis) is definitely the cheapest one and works pretty well. You'll want a programming cable, and might be worthwhile to get the 3800mAh battery for it too. I use a speaker mic while skiing to talk to my friends, but I don't find it useful while climbing. Maybe looking at $100-150 ish to order that stuff off Amazon, and then another $100 on antennas.
Whatever radio you buy will come with an antenna for the HAM band (144-148 MHz) but you'll probably want a 2 more antennas covering 150-173 MHz for the frequencies that commercial/Parks repeaters use. This is important because if the antenna isn't tuned to the correct frequency, it reduces your range. (Remember, still illegal to talk on those frequencies, except for an emergency
They can be ordered here, but they only ship the US unfortunately, so you'll have to sort that out with a US friend or that place in Montana that you can ship stuff to or something. Make sure to get them with the correct base connector for your radio.165 MHz Antenna from Smiley
There's also a guy in Banff that sells them, but he might not have the right base connector, depending on what radio you buy.
After that, you can send me an email, and I can give you the frequency list in a CSV spreadsheet I have for repeaters in the mountains to program into your radio. It took me a while to type up, so I might get you to buy me a beer in exchange
Hope that's a good start, happy to answer any more questions.